The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched in 2005. It promotes border control, customs and trade norms and practices that meet EU standards and serve the needs of its two partner countries. It is an advisory, technical body based in Odesa (Ukraine). A Memorandum of Understanding signed by the European Commission and the Governments of Moldova and Ukraine in late 2005 is the legal basis for EUBAM, while an Advisory Board – which meets twice a year – acts as the Mission’s governing body. The mandate of the Mission has already been extended four times (in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2015), with the current mandate expiring on 30 November 2017.
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched in 2005. It promotes border control, customs and trade norms and practices that meet EU standards and serve the needs of its two partner countries. It is an advisory, technical body based in Odesa (Ukraine). It has an Office in Chisinau and five field offices – two on the Moldovan side of the joint border and three on the Ukrainian side. EUBAM activities promote economic development and enhance regional security. The Mission contributes to cross border cooperation and confidence building, helping to improve efficiency, transparency and security along the Moldova-Ukraine border.
The Mission’s aims are to:
• work with Moldova and Ukraine to harmonise border control, and customs and trade standards and procedures with those in EU Member States
• improve cross-border cooperation between the border guard and customs agencies and other law enforcement bodies; facilitate international coordinated cooperation
• assist Moldova and Ukraine to fulfil the obligations of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) they have signed as part of their Association Agreements with the EU
• contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict through confidence building measures and a monitoring presence at the Transnistrian segment of the Moldova-Ukraine border
The terms of cooperation between the Mission and its Moldovan and Ukrainian partner services is outlined in the Memorandum of Understanding, signed on 7 October 2005. The MoU stipulates the mandate, coordination mechanisms and status of the Mission, assistance, legal responsibilities, and duration of the Mission. Although EUBAM’s support/advisory role confers on it certain privileges, it does not have executive powers.
Funded by the European Union within the context of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, and with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) acting as implementing partner, EUBAM is an advisory, technical body mandated to enhance the border-management capacities of its partners – the border guard and customs authorities and other law enforcement agencies of Moldova and Ukraine. By offering comprehensive support from its HQ and Field Offices, EUBAM promotes legitimate travel and trade and supports the alignment of border and customs procedures and standards with those prevalent in the European Union.
The mandate of the Mission was prolonged four times in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2015. The new Phase (Phase 11) will see a strong focus for EUBAM in assisting with the implementation of the EU-Moldova and EU-Ukraine DCFTA, and on confidence building between Chisinau and Tiraspol.
The EUBAM Mandate allows the Mission to:
• be present and observe customs clearance and border guard checks
• as part of its advisory role, to examine border control documents and records (including computerised data)
• provide assistance in preventing smuggling of persons and goods
• request the re-examination and re-assessment of any consignment of goods already processed
• make unannounced visits to any locations on the Moldovan-Ukrainian border, including border units, customs posts, offices of transit, inland police stations, revenue accounting offices and along transit routes
• move freely within the territories of Moldova and Ukraine
• cross the Moldovan-Ukrainian state border with only strictly necessary control and without any delay
• use all roads and bridges without payment of taxes and dues
• have access to appropriate telecommunications equipment
• import and export goods which are for official use of the Mission
EUBAM in numbers
The Mission’s mandate has been extended four times
Head of mission
Ambassador Andrew Tesoriere is a former senior British diplomat and specialist in security, trans-boundary, governance and Islamic issues. He has served as British Ambassador to Albania, Algeria and Latvia; and Charge d'Affaires to Afghanistan and Syria. He was Director of the UN Special Mission to Afghanistan from 1998-2000, where he mediated between the Taliban administration and their opponents, developing confidence-building measures and chairing key peace talks in 1999. He was Head of UN Humanitarian Field Operations in Afghanistan from 1994-95. More recently from 2008-12 he served as Head of the OSCE Mission in Kyrgyzstan, where he chaired the standing OSCE-UN-EU troika focusing on reconciliation issues. Previously he was NATO's senior policy advisor in southern Afghanistan from 2007-8. Andrew has served in the UK Armed Forces, as Executive Chairman of the OSCE postgraduate Academy and studied diverse languages, including French, Russian, Arabic, Spanish, Farsi, Pashto, Latvian and Albanian.