EUBAM contributes towards the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict through the official international negotiation mechanism (the “5+2” process) and its related expert working groups.
EUBAM develops and advocates for technical confidence-building measures between Chisinau and Tiraspol on transport, customs, veterinary and phytosanitary, and law enforcement issues. The Mission has been a consistent advocate for the re-opening of the international transport corridors that cross Transnistria. Indeed, in 2012, EUBAM’s proposals helped to re-open rail freight through Transnistria that had been suspended for six years. Agnieszka Wawrzyk, Team Leader of EUBAM’s Transnistrian Settlement Office, explains how the Mission attempts to build co-operation between Chisinau and Tiraspol.
EUBAM’s role is not just to ensure that confidence building measures start, but also to make sure they are sustained. In 2010 the passenger rail link between Chisinau and Odesa through Transnistria was reactivated after a four year hiatus. The resumed link has been seen as a positive step in people-to-people contacts and practical co-operation between the two banks of the Dniester River. Five years later, low passenger numbers jeopardised its viability, reducing the service’s frequency to only twice a week. Following an EUBAM-led assessment in June 2016, enhancements to the service were agreed to reduce journey times and make the train more attractive for cross border travellers. Six under-used stops were cancelled and in December 2016 Moldova’s Customs Service introduced Customs control at Chisinau railway station. Tiraspol also shortened the stop at Bender station significantly from 25 minutes to 3. These changes have revitalised the service, with 45 minutes reduced off the journey time and train ridership increased to 90% of capacity. Moldovan Customs revenues have also improved.
The Mission is also active in monitoring the 453km-long Transnistrian segment of the Moldova-Ukraine border, as well as the 411km-long administrative boundary line within the Republic of Moldova. EUBAM’s Field Offices in Chisinau, Kuchurhan and Podilsk ensure a daily presence at the border and administrative boundary line, and help to ensure:
- Human rights of travellers crossing at the Transnistrian segment of the Moldovan-Ukrainian border are respected.
- Free movement of people and goods across the administrative boundary line and the Transnistrian segment of the border with Ukraine are maintained.
- Cross border and trans-boundary problems are resolved as they arise.
Who we are?
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched in 2005. The legal basis for EUBAM is the Memorandum of Understanding signed by the European Commission and the Governments of Moldova and Ukraine on 7 October 2005.
The current Mission’s mandate is valid until 30 November 2023.
EUBAM promotes border control, customs and trade norms and practices that meet European Union standards, and serve the needs of its two partner countries.
What we do?
The Mission works with Moldova and Ukraine to harmonise border control, and customs and trade standards and procedures with those in EU Member States. It helps to improve cross-border cooperation between the border guard and customs agencies and other law enforcement bodies and to facilitate international coordinated cooperation. EUBAM assists Moldova and Ukraine to fulfil the obligations of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), which both countries signed as part of their Association Agreements with the EU. It also contributes to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict through confidence building measures and as a monitoring presence at the Transnistrian segment of the Moldova-Ukraine border.
Where we work?
The Republic of Moldova-Ukraine state border is 1,222 km long, consisting of 955 km of “green” (land) border and 267 km of “blue” (river) border.
The Mission is headquartered in Odesa (Ukraine) with two country offices (in Chisinau – the Republic of Moldova and in Odesa – Ukraine) and six field offices in its area of operation – three on the Moldovan side of the common border and three on the Ukrainian side.
There are 67 border crossing points along the Moldovan-Ukrainian border, including 25 at the central (Transnistrian) segment.
The administrative boundary line between the two banks of the Nistru river is 411 km long. Nine customs posts are located along it, within which MDCS representatives perform the customs control duties, supported by MoIA representatives. Six BMA subdivisions, in which foreigners can voluntarily register or de-register, are also located on the boundary line.