Trade facilitation is at the heart of EUBAM’s mission but this has been given added impetus and effort since 2014 when Moldova and Ukraine signed Association Agreements with the EU which also establish a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA/DCFTA). The AA/DCFTA will contribute, over time, to a stronger and more prosperous economy.
In terms of the DCFTA, EUBAM is part of the EU’s combined effort to assist the two countries to fulfil the trade and business-related mandatory requirements (acquis) set out in Chapter 4 on Trade and Trade-Related Matters.
EUBAM is working with Moldova and Ukraine (especially the customs services) to create the legal basis, institutional infrastructure and administrative capacity to deliver change ensuring high levels of integrity. This allows for the implementation of legal instruments which form part of the DCFTA acquis such as:
• the WCO Revised Kyoto Convention
• the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
• the WCO Trade Facilitation Guidelines
• the European Commission Customs Blueprints
As well as legislation, DCFTA requires a new way of working, with clearance procedures based on risk assessment and building trust. In collaboration with EU DG-TAXUD and others, EUBAM assisted the two customs services to introduce reforms related to Post Clearance Control and Post Clearance Audit, and the Authorised Economic Operator concept and other trade facilitation measures. These systems allow companies and traders to prove their trustworthiness, so that they can benefit from faster, simpler clearance procedures. This is good for business and it is good for Customs as they can deploy their staff more effectively.
Much of this work is accomplished using the Mission’s Trade Facilitation Working Group (set up in 2015) as a platform for communications for cooperation between the relevant national government agencies, national business and key international development partners such as USAID, AmCham, the European Business Association, and the Odesa Business Forum.
A major achievement for EUBAM was the Moldova’s bold step (in May 2015) to cut the number of support documents required customs clearance (from around 11 to three). This took place following the Mission’s advice and assistance. This kind of measure cuts business costs, improves the international trade environment in Moldova, boosts competitiveness and raises Moldova’s ranking in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index. This can only help sell Moldova as a place to do business.
Who we are?
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched in 2005. The legal basis for EUBAM is the Memorandum of Understanding signed by the European Commission and the Governments of Moldova and Ukraine on 7 October 2005.
The current Mission’s mandate is valid until 30 November 2023.
EUBAM promotes border control, customs and trade norms and practices that meet European Union standards, and serve the needs of its two partner countries.
What we do?
The Mission works with Moldova and Ukraine to harmonise border control, and customs and trade standards and procedures with those in EU Member States. It helps to improve cross-border cooperation between the border guard and customs agencies and other law enforcement bodies and to facilitate international coordinated cooperation. EUBAM assists Moldova and Ukraine to fulfil the obligations of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), which both countries signed as part of their Association Agreements with the EU. It also contributes to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict through confidence building measures and as a monitoring presence at the Transnistrian segment of the Moldova-Ukraine border.
Where we work?
The Republic of Moldova-Ukraine state border is 1,222 km long, consisting of 955 km of “green” (land) border and 267 km of “blue” (river) border.
The Mission is headquartered in Odesa (Ukraine) with two country offices (in Chisinau – the Republic of Moldova and in Odesa – Ukraine) and six field offices in its area of operation – three on the Moldovan side of the common border and three on the Ukrainian side.
There are 67 border crossing points along the Moldovan-Ukrainian border, including 25 at the central (Transnistrian) segment.
The administrative boundary line between the two banks of the Nistru river is 411 km long. Nine customs posts are located along it, within which MDCS representatives perform the customs control duties, supported by MoIA representatives. Six BMA subdivisions, in which foreigners can voluntarily register or de-register, are also located on the boundary line.